May 14, 2015

New Nano Materials Inspired by Bird Feathers Play with Light to Create Color

(May 14, 2015)  A wide range of pure colors created by nanoscale arrangement of synthetic melanin.

Inspired by the way iridescent bird feathers play with light, scientists have created thin films of material in a wide range of pure colors — from red to green — with hues determined by physical structure rather than pigments.

Structural color arises from the interaction of light with materials that have patterns on a minute scale, which bend and reflect light to amplify some wavelengths and dampen others. Melanosomes, tiny packets of melanin found in the feathers, skin and fur of many animals, can produce structural color when packed into solid layers, as they are in the feathers of some birds.

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