(November 9, 2015) Research by scientists at the University of York has demonstrated an innovative way of using a gel to extract precious metals such as silver and gold from waste and convert them into conducting nanoparticles to form a hybrid nanomaterial potentially suitable for a range of high-tech applications.
Discarded electronic devices are an ever-increasing waste stream containing high-value precious metals such as silver and gold. Making use of this resource was the inspiration for the research by a team from the Department of Chemistry at York.
Professor David Smith and Babatunde Okesola, a PhD student supported by The Wild Fund, discovered that their self-assembling gels derived from sorbitol, a simple sugar, could selectively extract precious metals from complex mixtures of other metals typical of the electronics or mining industries.
On exposure to the gel, not only were the precious metals selectively extracted, but they were also then converted into conducting nanoparticles via an in situ chemical reduction process, caused by the nanofibres of the gel network. These conducting nanoparticles become embedded in the gel giving it enhanced electrical conductance.